On 17 December 2012 the Supreme People’s Court of China (SPC) promulgated the “Provisions on Several Issues Concerning the Application of Law for Trial of Civil Dispute Cases of Infringement of Information Networking Transmission Right” (Provisions).

According to the Provisions, unless otherwise provided by the laws or administrative regulations, a network user or network service provider’s unauthorised provision of the works, performance, audio and video products through information networks will constitute infringement of the information network transmission right of the right holders. If a network service provider instigates network users to, or help them, infringe the information network transmission right of the right holders when providing the network services, such network service provider shall bear joint and several liabilities for the network users' infringement of the information network transmission right of the right holders.