On 11 April 2007, the European Commission launched the new “Black Sea Synergy” initiative, aimed at developing cooperation within the Black Sea region and between the region and the EU. “Black Sea Synergy” will complement other bilateral policies directed at countries of the region, for example the European Neighbourhood Policy, the pre-accession strategy with Turkey and the Strategic Partnership with Russia. The new co-operation initiative will focus on areas such as good governance, border management and customs co-operation, transport, trade, environment and, most importantly, energy. The Black Sea region is a major transit route for oil and gas coming into Europe from Russia and Central Asia. As such, the fostering of good relations between the region and the EU is of strategic importance for energy supply security.