ESMA launched its public consultation on its regulatory technical standards on the European Single Electronic Format (ESEF). The amended Transparency Directive requires issuers listed on regulated markets to prepare their annual financial reports (AFR) in an ESEF from 1 January 2020, with the objectives of making submission easier for issuers and facilitating accessibility, analysis and comparability for investors and regulators. ESMA seeks views on its preliminary cost-benefit analysis and the proposals that the AFR should be published in PDF format with, in addition, IFRS consolidated financial statements reported as structured electronic data in XBRL or iXBRL. The consultation closes on 24 December 2015.