At a joint meeting of Japan’s Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry April 16, the two agencies identified a number of ways to consolidate its two domestic carbon trading programs in an attempt to encourage businesses to more actively trade CO2 credits as the country works to reduce emissions. The two programs, the domestic carbon credit system and the Japan Verified Emission Reduction program, were begun in the fall of 2008; consolidation would begin next year, as the two current programs are both scheduled to expire at the end of next March.