The European Commission has issued guidelines on the recovery of subsidies granted in contravention of EU State aid rules. The EU Member State that granted the subsidy has to recover from the beneficiary any public subsidy in breach of the rules, plus interest. However, in the past this has proved to be very difficult to implement as essentially it is the Member States’ responsibility to recover the funds they granted in the first place. The new guidelines consolidate the Commission’s past approach on this issue and set out the parameters for enforcing the recovery of aid from the beneficiary. The Commission has also said that it will monitor the recovery of aid more closely and that it will not hesitate to enforce recovery orders before the European Courts.