Unprecedented parallel antitrust investigations by the UK Office of Fair Trading (OFT) and the US Department of Justice (DOJ) have left British Airways with fines totalling £270 million (£121.5 million from the OFT and US$300 million from the DOJ). In the first case of its kind, the two competition authorities simultaneously brought action against British Airways for fixing fuel surcharges with Virgin Atlantic. The United States also included price fixing charges in relation to the international air cargo sector, involving a number of different airlines. Virgin Atlantic, the first to apply for immunity under the respective leniency policies of both competition authorities, is expected to escape fines. Both the OFT and DOJ are continuing criminal investigations in relation to the case.