The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals agreed on July 24, 2012 to enforce a private Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) settlement. Conventional wisdom and many federal courts previously held that either a court or the U.S. Department of Labor should always supervise the release of wage-and-hour claims.

In deciding to enforce the settlement agreement before it, the Fifth Circuit distinguished its holding from more than 30 years of federal court precedent by noting that where a bona fide factual dispute exists over how many hours were worked and how much compensation was due. Private settlements in cases where the parties dispute the scope of the FLSA fell outside of the court's holding.

The ability for parties to reach private settlements in FLSA disputes could help employers that wish to avoid filing their settlements with a court, only to have the court insist that the settlement must be part of the public record. Employers often wish to keep such settlements out of view in order to stave off copycat suits. Courts, by contrast, tend to conclude that the public has a right to access settlement agreements.

Presently, this holding only applies to disputes over the application of the FLSA filed within the Fifth Circuit. However, it does portend the possibility that other circuits could follow suit, and that private FLSA settlements could become more accepted in other parts of the country.