On June 5, the US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, citing constitutional grounds, reversed a lower-court ruling that had dismissed a lawsuit filed by animal-rights groups against North Carolina's so-called ag-gag law. The state law targets the creation of undercover videos in agricultural and other workplace settings, imposing fines of up to $5,000 a day for surreptitious recording. The law is one of several similar statutes in various states intended to discourage whistleblowing. North Carolina's law applies beyond farms and abattoirs, where animal-rights groups often try to expose inhumane conditions, and extends to all workplaces. "We agree that Plaintiffs' amended complaint sufficiently alleges an injury-in-fact for purposes of their First Amendment challenge," the appeals court wrote. It said that the plaintiffs have alleged "an intention to engage in a course of conduct arguably affected with a constitutional interest, a credible threat that the Act will be enforced against them if they proceed with their plans, and that they have refrained from proceeding for fear of being subjected to the severe civil remedies provided for in the Act." The appellate ruling revives the suit.