The European Commission has sent a reasoned opinion to Luxembourg requesting it to comply with a European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruling of 12 June 2003 regarding access to its telecommunication markets. The ECJ ruling confirmed that Luxembourg had failed to fully transpose into national law Directive 90/388/CEE on competition in the markets for telecommunication services. In particular, the Commission found that procedures for obtaining rights of way to roll out telecommunication networks alongside roads and railway lines in Luxembourg lacked transparency. The Commission considers that despite recent improvements to its legislation, Luxembourg has still not complied with the judgment. The Commission has therefore sent a request explaining further steps which need to be taken by Luxembourg in order to comply. Unless Luxembourg’s legislation is brought into compliance within two months of receipt of the reasoned opinion, the Commission may refer the case to the ECJ for a second time and request that a fine be imposed.