The Asia Foundation has released a new study on the attitudes towards taxation in Myanmar. The report is based on a survery that the Asia Foundation and Yangon School of Political Science conducted last year.
The aim of the study was to track public perceptions of the Myanmar taxation system, with a focus on the attitudes of urban citizens in Myanmar. The survery polled 1,400 citizens living across three cities in Myanmar and focused on the three main taxes in Myanmar: income tax, commercial tax and property tax.
The report found that, in general, Myanmar's urban citizens are not against taxation and would be willing to pay higher taxes if they saw an improvement within the government. However, the report also showed that urban citizens have a poor understanding of the tax system within the country and they wanted more information to be available on the taxes they are supposed to pay and how the government spends taxes. Finally, the report found that property tax is the most prominent tax in Myanmar. It is also perceived as the fairest of the three main taxes, which could correlate to why it is the most widely paid tax.
As a result of its findings, the report makes a number of recommendations to the Myanmar government. These are based on the ideas of education, accountability and transparency. The reccomendations include keeping the tax system simple, educating citizens on how the tax system works and improving transparency on how the government spends taxes, through the use of publications and further studies.