The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) will be restricted from regulating voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) and IP-enabled services, except as required by federal law, under a new state law signed by Governor Jerry Brown (D) last Friday. Enactment of the law (SB-1161) constitutes a victory for State Senator Alex Padilla (D), who sponsored the legislation in the interest of “promoting investment in our Internet infrastructure which has become so vital to our economy and our modern-day quality of life.” While preserving the state’s current policy of limited regulation with respect to VoIP and IP services, the law contains provisions that maintain protections for subscribers served by basic landline connections as well as federal and state consumer protections that apply to VoIP services, such as access to 911 services, phone number portability, outage reporting, and power requirements. Although the CPUC would be barred from regulating VoIP and IP services, the CPUC would maintain limited authority over these services with respect to “lifeline” and universal services, disputes over intercarrier compensation, and consumer complaints. Members of the California State Assembly also approved amendments to SB-1161 in August clarifying that the law will not supersede CPUC authority in areas related to support structures, pole attachments, and construction or maintenance of network facilities. As Governor Brown applauded the law as one that encourages the growth of VoIP “and other innovative services that have become a hallmark of our state,” Padilla declared that, “by putting into state law the current policy strategy for Internetbased services, we will foster continued innovation.” FCC Commissioner Ajit Pai voiced similar praise, remarking: “if Golden State Democrats and Republicans can reach a consensus that IP networks should be free from intrusive government regulation, we at the FCC should be able to do so as well.”