The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has reportedly obtained civil penalties from three Missouri pesticide distributors for selling allegedly unregistered and misbranded pesticides. The three cases involve plant-growth regulators, which are regulated as pesticides under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). Plant-growth regulators are substances intended to accelerate or retard the growth of plants and may include hormone additives. Although such substances may be labeled as fertilizers, they are regulated under FIFRA as pesticides, according to EPA.

The three companies are (i) AgXplore International, LLC, of Parma, Missouri ($237,573); (ii) Southeast Cooperative Service Co. of Advance, Missouri ($12,000); and (iii) Mayberry Seed Co. of Essex, Missouri ($17,160). The violations occurred from May 2009 to August 2011. As part of their settlement agreements, the companies have certified that they are in compliance with FIFRA and its regulations. See EPA News Release, September 13, 2012.