On February 4, 2014, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued in the Federal Register a notice of temporary moratoria on enrollment of new home health agencies (HHA) and ambulance suppliers and providers in certain geographic locations across the U.S. The moratoria were effective on January 30, 2014. CMS also extended existing moratoria noticed on July 31, 2013. All moratoria apply not only to Medicare, but also to enrollment in Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). The Affordable Care Act authorizes CMS to impose these moratoria. The moratoria last for six-months, but may be extended in subsequent six-month increments following notice in the Federal Register. Judicial review is unavailable to applicants without an already-approved enrollment application.

Moratoria are issued to prevent and combat fraud, waste, and abuse of Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP resources. CMS determines whether to issue moratoria by reviewing data and trends identified by Federal agencies and consulting with State Medicaid Agencies and State Departments of Emergency Medical Services. The counties subject to moratoria are those that have been identified as high risk for fraud, or that surround such an area.

New moratoria were issued for these counties:

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Moratoria were extended for these counties:

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The Final Rule is available at: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-02-04/pdf/2014-02166.pdf.