For telecoms, the pandemic has created both threats and opportunities. EY has identified the top 10 risks for telecoms in 2020 and beyond.
- Sustaining network quality and positive customer perception is mission critical.
- 78% of telco respondents are rethinking digital transformation plans amid the pandemic.
- Geopolitical disruption, changing imperatives in privacy and articulating the 5G vision among top risks.
As we emerge from the COVID-19 crisis, what are the most pressing threats facing telcos across the world? The sector has gained positive mindshare with customers by providing critical connectivity to households and businesses during lockdowns. But industry revenues are set to decline across most product categories – and could take up to four years to recover to pre-pandemic levels.
As in previous years, the EY Global Telecommunications sector team has identified and assessed the top ten challenges confronting the industry in 2020. We categorize our risks using the EY risk radar, which organizes threats into four domains:
- Compliance threats originate in politics, law regulation or corporate governance.
- Operational threats impact the processes, systems, people and overall value chain of the business.
- Strategic threats are related to customers, competitors and investors.
- Financial threats stem from volatility in markets, ecosystems and business investments.
Unless telcos focus on building network resilience and reach while driving positive customer perceptions, they will struggle in the post-COVID-19 environment. Across those domains, we’ve identified the top ten risks in today’s fast-changing telecoms landscape.
1. Failure to ensure infrastructure resilience and reach
Telcos have experienced significantly higher network demand globally during the crisis, with the initial lockdowns triggering reported traffic spikes of between 10% and 70%. While their networks have generally held up well, challenges persist.
Sustaining positive customer perceptions is key – and telcos will need to escalate their efforts to bridge the digital divide in society, while working with other players such as over-the-top (OTT) streaming providers to optimize customer experiences.
2. Inability to scale internal digitization initiatives
COVID-19 has triggered an industry-wide reappraisal of digital transformation programs, with a greater focus on digital customer engagement and support. EY research shows that more than three-quarters of industry executives are either re-evaluating or adapting the speed of automation and digital transformation initiatives post-pandemic. But issues still need to be addressed in areas like long-range planning, AI skills, and alignment between technology and business strategies.
3. Failure to redesign workforce purpose and inclusion
Talent attraction and workforce diversity are top-of-mind issues for telcos – and in the wake of COVID-19, they have an opportunity to leverage a renewed social purpose to attract the next generation of STEM graduates. However, current talent acquisition priorities are often not aligned with longer-term considerations, with tactical priorities outweighing strategic improvements. There’s also an increasingly pressing need to improve senior female representation and ethnic diversity.
4. Failure to improve capex efficiency and network returns
Telecoms network upgrades are under increasing scrutiny as COVID-19 puts network performance, reach and accessibility in the spotlight. Capabilities likes 5G, full fiber and internet of things (IoT) can bolster service innovation and resilience, and some operators are accelerating their capex programs. Yet return on capital employed continues to decline for many telcos, increasing the need to boost capex efficiency by applying technologies like AI and automation.
5. Underestimating changing imperatives in privacy, security and trust
Customers’ concerns over privacy and security are rising – and COVID-19 has heightened them still further.
Nevertheless, nearly 30% of consumers are willing to exchange their data for tailored services, underlining the opportunities to monetize customer insights.
However the industry still regards cybersecurity primarily as a reactive and compliance-centric process, and telcos have yet to translate their relatively strong public trust into higher net promoter scores or adjacent service revenues.
6. Poor management of investor and stakeholder expectations
COVID-19 has disrupted forward-looking guidance from operators worldwide, with several withdrawing their full-year guidance for 2020. This caution reflects several factors, with roaming and enterprise revenues still squeezed by lockdowns, and many forecasters projecting flat mobile capex from 2021. Dividend sustainability is also under scrutiny and network infrastructure becoming increasingly politicized. Creating credible investor communications during this unprecedented period will demand both foresight and flexibility.
7. Ineffective engagement with industry verticals and public sector
COVID-19 has accelerated digitization across many industries, suggesting new opportunities for telcos to deliver sector-specific enterprise solutions. While different industries are at varying stages of their 5G and IoT investment programs, they all need support to realize the “next wave” opportunities. Meanwhile, the pandemic has deepened telecoms’ relationships with governments and strengthened its status as a national strategic asset. Making the most of these shifts will require ongoing focus and engagement.
8. Inability to adapt to a changing regulatory landscape
The importance of digital infrastructure during the COVID-19 crisis has prompted regulators to focus more on consumer protection, data privacy and the digital divide. New areas of stakeholder scrutiny are also emerging such as regulation of network equipment supply chains. Meanwhile, COVID-19 has made industry regulation less predictable, with several countries deferring spectrum auctions. Operators must ensure that regulatory burdens remain manageable and reflect telcos’ renewed importance to society.
9. Failure to mitigate evolving disruptive scenarios
Geopolitical and global trade forces are disrupting network equipment supply chains, as a number of countries mandate bans or limits on hardware from Chinese vendors. The costs and effort of removing existing equipment could potentially delay 5G rollouts. Other disruptive trends include diversification of network equipment supplier bases, and equipment vendors targeting private Long-Term Evolution and 5G networks for enterprises, threatening operators with disintermediation.
10. Failure to take advantage of changing market structures
An increasingly diverse wholesale landscape is opening up fresh opportunities. In mobile, 5G network slicing presents growth potential for enterprise-focused mobile virtual network operators (MVNOs), while fixed wholesale is seeing growth in fiber altnets and cable infrastructure wholesaling. There are also opportunities to simplify the network estate and de-risk investments. To capitalize effectively on more efficient market structures, operators will need to reassess their M&A and partnership strategies.
The COVID-19 crisis has boosted the social role and importance of telecoms while squeezing operators’ revenues across most product categories. As we move beyond the pandemic, success for telcos in the “new normal” will depend on building network resilience and reach while driving positive customer perceptions.