In 2006, news media reported that Hewlett-Packard’s chairwoman and its general counsel had retained independent experts to investigate board members and journalists in an effort to identify sources of leaks of confidential information. The resulting scandal led to substantial adverse publicity, criminal charges against the chairwoman that were later dropped, and federal, state and congressional inquiries, and it raised issues concerning the boundaries of legitimate investigative techniques. In the latest chapter, private investigator Bryan Wagner was sentenced to three months in prison and six months of home monitoring after pleading guilty to identity theft. Wagner, who had been retained by the outside investigative firm, had posed as a reporter to gain access to the reporter’s telephone records, after being given the reporter’s social security number. United States v. Wagner, No. 07-cr-00016 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 13, 2012).