The German railway company, Deutsche Bahn, has clearance under the EC Merger Regulation to acquire English Welsh and Scottish Railway Holding (EWS). Both parties operate in the freight transport market and related services. During the European Commission’s investigation, it raised concerns that the merger might weaken competition in France because Deutsche Bahn would have less incentive than EWS to invest in this market. These concerns were allayed by commitments that Deutsche Bahn would complete EWS’s planned expansion in France. Deutsche Bahn also agreed to provide third party rail operators (excluding SNCF) with fair and non-discriminatory admittance to EWS Driver Training Schools and maintenance facilities in France, to ensure that companies desiring to provide French freight services would not be hindered by the merger.