On July 8, 2013, the OSC and NLRB executed a “Memorandum of Understanding” that will allow these agencies to share information, coordinate investigations, and refer matters to each other, where appropriate. The OSC is the office in the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division that enforces the anti-discrimination provisions of the immigration laws. The NLRB handles union representation proceedings and unfair labor practices investigations under the NLRA. The new memorandum will allow the NLRB to make referrals to the OSC when an unfair labor practice case suggests a possible violation of the immigration laws’ prohibition against employment discrimination. Similarly, the agreement will allow the OSC to refer matters to the NLRB when the OSC believes that an employer’s actions may have infringed on an employee’s right to form, join, decertify, or assist a labor organization, and to bargain collectively. This collaboration comes from two of the agencies that are most aggressive in promoting their version of employee rights and, thus, needs to be factored into an employer’s decision to deal with either agency.