The Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation has published Regulations to give further effect to the 2013 EU Regulation on online dispute resolution for consumer disputes. The 2016 regulation clarifies how the offences under the rules apply to traders and alternative dispute resolution entities. Where either of these act in contravention of the EU rules relating to the transmission of complaints or the resolution of disputes, they may be liable on conviction for a Class A fine and/or to a prison term of up to 12 months.