Canada is emerging as a global leader in clean technology, a sector that is fast growing and expected to exceed $2.5 trillion by 2022 in global activities1. No less than 12 Canadian companies made The Global Cleantech 100 list for 2019, gaining recognition for their likelihood to have a significant market impact over the next 5-10 years2.
Canada’s growth in the cleantech sector is no doubt partially the result of an increased national focus on the establishment of funding and support programs. On the Global Cleantech Innovation Index of 20143, Canada ranked 18th out of 40 countries for cleantech innovation drivers, falling near the back of the developed nations4. However, on the Global Cleantech Innovation Index of 20175, Canada’s rank increased to 4th6. The report indicates that this is due to the tripling in the number and value of Canadian funding and investments targeting cleantech7.
Recent additions to the growing landscape of funding programs in Canada cover a wide array of cleantech sub-sectors. The Agricultural Clean Tech Program is a $25 million investment between 2018-2021 that supports research, development and adoption of cleantech in agriculture and agri-based bioproducts8. The Clean Growth in the Natural Resources Program launched in 2017 is a four-year, $155 million investment that provides funding to cleantech projects in Canada’s energy, mining and forest sectors9. The SD Tech Fund further extends funding coverage, providing support to pre-commercial projects in any of climate change, clean air, clean water, and clean soil. The Tech Fund was recently renewed in the Government of Canada’s 2017 Budget with $400 million over five years10.
A new initiative, Impact Canada - Initiative Cleantech Impact Program, focuses funding on the Canadian cleantech sector as a whole. The program is investing $75 million over four years in five challenges meant to accelerate efforts to solve problems in the Canadian cleantech industry. Challenges include increasing diversity, stimulating the development of sustainable aviation fuel, and supporting the development of innovative cleantech processes to liberate minerals from extracted rocks11.
Developments have also occurred in the intellectual property industry that will continue to profoundly impact Canada’s cleantech sector. The Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) has a “Cleantech Fast-track” program, which allows applicants to request fast-track examination of patent applications related to clean technologies12. In 2017, CIPO also became a WIPO GREEN partner, joining an organization that promotes innovation and diffusion by connecting providers with seekers of clean technology13. With the upcoming federal election this fall, Canadian political parties are proposing a variety of initiatives to address climate change, with some providing tax incentives for the development of cleantech technology in Canada14.
With the current array of available funding programs, there are strong opportunities for Canadian cleantech companies to continue to capture shares of the global market while helping Canada meet its climate change targets15. Programs offered by the Trade Commissioner Service are dedicated to helping Canadian cleantech firms become world leaders and capitalize on growing global market opportunities16. However, the Clean Technology Table report issued in fall of 2018 identified a number of domestic factors that are hindering this potential growth. Factors included low adoption rates of new cleantech, and a disconnect between environmental policy targets and regulations17. If these issues are addressed, the report predicts that cleantech could be one of Canada’s top five exporting industries by 2025 as Canadian leadership in the global cleantech sector continues to improve18.