In November 2012, the U.S. Department of Labor settled claims that three firms employing foreign J-1 student interns violated minimum wage and overtime laws by deducting excessive housing costs and thus reducing their compensation below what they promised in the J-1 program and what federal law requires. The California-based CETUSA acted as the students’ sponsor for the J-1 program, a summer work-travel program designed to promote educational and cultural exchanges. The SHS Group, LP, a staffing company, placed the interns at a facility in Palmyra, Pennsylvania, which was owned by the Hershey Company and operated by Excel, Inc.