President Obama signed into law a spending bill including a cybersecurity provision designed to curtail what officials describe as a recent surge in Chinese-backed hacking of U.S. businesses. The spending bill forbids certain agencies—including the Commerce and Justice Departments, NASA, and the National Science Foundation—from using appropriated funds to purchase technology of Chinese origin unless the agency head and the FBI jointly assess the risk of “cyber-espionage or sabotage” and conclude that buying the technology is “in the national interest of the United States.”

Notably, this measure applies only through the end of the current fiscal year. However, President Obama’s recently unveiled budget proposal for fiscal year 2014 signals that cybersecurity will remain a top priority for the Administration beyond year’s end, as it includes billions of dollars for the pursuit of new cybersecurity measures.