The Government has amended the Finnish Copyright Act (404/1961) according to the Government Bill (HE 73/2013; the “Bill”). Majority of the amendments are necessary for the implementation of Directive 2006/116/EC on the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights. The Bill also proposes a new Act on Orphan Works (764/2013).
A number of provisions of the Copyright Act have been amended, including extending the term of protection of sound recordings for performing artists and for producers from 50 years to 70 years. The provisions on calculating the term of copyright for a composition and on remuneration for lending have also been specified. Further, the amendments include provisions on a performing artist's right to cancel an agreement on transfer of rights to a recording, if a producer does not provide the sound recording for sale or communicate it to the public and on additional remuneration for the performing artist in a case his rights have been transferred to a producer with a lump sum payment.
Orphan works, i.e., works whose copyright owner cannot be determined or contacted despite efforts to do so, were previously regulated in the Copyright Act. The new Act on Orphan Works will provide for a legal framework for these kinds of works, containing provisions on definition, use and compensation of orphan works.
The Amendments to the Copyright Act entered into force on 15 November 2013. The Act on Orphan Works will enter into force on 29 October 2014.