To fulfill its goal of bringing basic broadband services to every European household by 2013 and fast or ultra high-speed broadband services to every household by 2020, the European Commission (EC) approved three measures on Tuesday that include recommendations on (1) regulated access to next-generation broadband networks, (2) allocation and harmonization of broadband service spectrum, and (3) promotion of private and public investment in high-speed broadband networks. In the words of EC Vice President-Digital Agenda Neelie Kroes, the measures will “help ensure that Europeans get the first-class Internet they expect and deserve, so that they can access the content and services they want.” The first measure on regulated access prescribes a common regulatory approach to high-speed broadband services which “requires national telecom regulators to ensure an appropriate balance between the needs to encourage investment and safeguard competition.” While emphasizing that the proposal envisions “no regulatory holidays” for dominant carriers, the EC stressed that price regulation of fiber optic networks should “fully reflect investment risk and . . . enable investing companies to make attractive profits.” With respect to spectrum, the EC said European Union (EU) member states should complete by 2012 the process of licensing wireless broadband operators that intend to utilize spectrum in the 900/1800 MHz, 2.5 GHz and 3.4-3.8 GHz bands that had previously been harmonized by the EU. Member states were also advised to free up channels in the 800 MHz band for wireless broadband use by 2013. In its third measure on public and private investment, the EC offered guidance on the reduction of investment costs and how public authorities could make better use of EU funds as it called on member states to “introduce operational broadband plans . . . with concrete implementing measures, including provisions for the necessary funding.” Sources say that the spectrum measure will be forwarded to the European Parliament and to the EU Council of Ministers for approval.