General framework

Legislation

What primary and secondary legislation governs immigration in your jurisdiction?

Immigration matters in Colombia are mainly regulated by:

  • Decree 1067/2015, which provides the general framework for immigration matters;
  • Resolution 1220/2016, which regulates the different types of special temporary immigration permit (PIP and PTP);
  • Resolution 6045/2017, which regulates the types of visa available in Colombia and the process for securing them; and
  • Resolution 10535/2018, which sets out restricted and non-restricted nationalities in Colombia and also applies to visa waivers.
International agreements

Has your jurisdiction concluded any international agreements affecting immigration (eg, free trade agreements or free movement accords)?

Yes. Citizens from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay may apply for a special visa called the M visa – Mercosur visa. This visa is a temporary residence permit that may be granted by the immigration authorities for up to three years and allows foreign nationals to perform any of the following occupations or activities:

  • Performing domestic activities (eg, cleaning, grocery shopping or caring for children);
  • rendering independent services; or
  • undertaking educational, business or work activities for an employer in Colombia.

If an individual holds an M visa for at least two uninterrupted years, they can apply for a residence visa.

The Mercosur visa is a great option for companies that have recently established their business in Colombia and wish to hire foreign nationals from the abovementioned countries.

Colombia has also entered into international social security treaties with Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Spain and Uruguay. Under the application of these treaties, the length of service by citizens of these jurisdictions while in Colombia may be considered for their retirement pension in their home country. To validate the duration of work carried out in Colombia, a verification process must be conducted by the pension entities and the ministry of work from both countries.

Regulatory authorities

Which government authorities regulate immigration and what is the extent of their enforcement powers? Can the decisions of these authorities be appealed?

The following government authorities regulate immigration matters:

  • the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which oversees the granting of Colombian visas and has broad discretional powers when assessing visa applications; and
  • the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia, which mainly oversees:
    • the compliance of immigration regulations by individuals and legal entities;
    • the issuing of foreign ID cards for visa holders;
    • the issuing of special temporary immigration permits; and
    • the grant of special extensions to visas in exceptional cases.

The Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia also has broad discretional powers to grant permits and permit extensions. When a breach of immigration regulations is discovered following a formal investigation, it may impose penalties on individuals and legal entities (eg, fines of up to 15 times the statutory minimum wage and deportation).

Only decisions issued in a formal investigation carried out by the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia can be appealed. Decisions adopted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia in a process other than a formal investigation cannot be appealed.

Government policy

In broad terms what is your government’s policy towards business immigration?

Colombian government policies aim to promote and encourage foreign investment. Therefore, the government’s business immigration policy is positive. This approach may be reflected in the business visa application processes, as Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ officials are unlikely to request additional documents from or interviews with visa applicants and usually grant visas within the statutory timeframes.

Short-term transfers

Visas

In what circumstances is a visa necessary for short-term travellers? How are short-term visas obtained?

As a general rule, foreign nationals who visit Colombia for a short period and receive no salary or compensation in Colombia may request a visitor visa (V visa) for business purposes. The V visa for business purposes can be used by foreign nationals who:

  • are legal representatives of a local entity; or
  • occupy a managerial or executive position in a foreign company.

Holders of this visa may perform business promotional activities relating to the interests of their company, including:

  • attending board meetings of partners or directors; and
  • supervising the operation of economically, strategically and legally related companies.

The V visa:

  • is valid for up to two years;
  • allows multiple entries; and
  • authorises a stay of up to 180 days in one calendar year.

The immigration process for obtaining a Colombian visa includes two different phases before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia, as outlined below.

Stage 1 – visa filing before Ministry of Foreign AffairsThe issuance of Colombian visas is entirely at the government’s discretion. Immigration authorities have the power to request additional information or reject an application without the possibility of appeal.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ visa officials may request additional documents not set out in the legal provisions in force.

The application process for all visas has two different stages:

  • The first stage comprises the filing of a visa request with the corresponding documents, followed by a review of the latter by a Ministry of Foreign Affairs official. This process has an associated cost (government fees), which must be paid in Colombian currency. The visa application may be filed online through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' electronic platform or personally at a Colombian consulate abroad. In any case, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has up to five business days to assess the visa application request and make its final decision.
  • Once the assessment has been carried out, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will approve or deny the visa. If the visa is approved, government fees must be paid to obtain the visa. If the visa is obtained electronically, individuals have 30 days to attach the visa to their passport. Otherwise, they must carry out an additional visa transfer process before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Stage 2 – visa registration process before Special Administrative Unit of Migration ColombiaOnce a visa has been granted, individuals must personally register their visas before the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia, to request issuance of their Colombian foreign ID.

The registration process must be carried out:

  • within 15 calendar days after the visa is granted, if the individual was in Colombia at the time of approval; or
  • within 15 calendar days of entering the county, if the individual was abroad at the time of approval.

The V visa for temporary visitors requirement may be waived and citizens of certain countries may be issued a temporary visitor permit (PIP-6) by the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia, provided that the foreign national has no labour relationship with the Colombian sponsor and will not receive any kind of remuneration in Colombia (compensation or salary).

The PIP-6 permit allows foreign nationals from non-restricted nationalities to enter Colombia and engage in the following activities, provided that the individual has no labour relationship with a local entity:

  • academic activities at seminars, conferences or expositions;
  • interviews as part of recruitment processes;
  • commercial contacts, business activities or visits; or
  • providing training.

This permit may be granted for up to 90 days within the same calendar year (ie, between 1 January and 31 December). The permit can be extended before the initial 90 calendar days expire by requesting a PTP-6 permit to the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia. The permit can be extended for 90 additional calendar days within the same calendar year.

The PIP-6 permit does not allow multiple entries and each time the permit holder enters the country they must submit the required documents from Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia officials at the airport. The PIP-6 permit must be sponsored by an entity domiciled in Colombia.

Visa waiver benefits are available to citizens of so-called ‘non-restricted’ countries – namely:

  • Albania;
  • Andorra;
  • Antigua and Barbuda;
  • Argentina;
  • Australia;
  • Austria;
  • Azerbaijan;
  • The Bahamas;
  • Barbados;
  • Belgium;
  • Belize;
  • Bhutan;
  • Bolivia;
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Brazil;
  • Brunei-Darussalam;
  • Bulgaria;
  • Canada;
  • Chile;
  • Costa Rica;
  • Croatia;
  • Cyprus;
  • Czech Republic;
  • Denmark;
  • Dominica;
  • the Dominican Republic;
  • Ecuador;
  • El Salvador;
  • Estonia;
  • the Federal State of Micronesia;
  • Fiji;
  • Finland;
  • the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia;
  • France;
  • Georgia;
  • Germany;
  • Granada;
  • Greece;
  • Guatemala;
  • Guyana;
  • Honduras;
  • Hungary;
  • Iceland;
  • Indonesia;
  • Ireland;
  • Israel;
  • Italy;
  • Jamaica;
  • Japan;
  • Kazakhstan;
  • Latvia;
  • Liechtenstein;
  • Lithuania;
  • Luxemburg;
  • South Korea;
  • Malta;
  • the Marshal Islands;
  • Mexico;
  • Monaco;
  • Moldova;
  • Montenegro;
  • Netherlands;
  • New Zealand;
  • Norway;
  • Palau;
  • Panama;
  • Papua New Guinea;
  • Paraguay;
  • Peru;
  • Philippines;
  • Poland;
  • Portugal;
  • Qatar;
  • Romania;
  • Russia;
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis;
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines;
  • San Marino;
  • Saint Lucia;
  • Solomon Islands;
  • Samoa;
  • Serbia;
  • Singapore;
  • Slovakia;
  • Slovenia;
  • Spain;
  • Suriname;
  • Sweden;
  • Switzerland;
  • Trinidad and Tobago;
  • Turkey;
  • the United Arab Emirates;
  • the United Kingdom;
  • the United States;
  • Uruguay;
  • Vatican City; and
  • Venezuela.

This waiver also applies to:

  • passport holders from Hong Kong – Special Administrative Region of China, the Sovereign Order of Malta and Taiwan – China;
  • Nicaraguan citizens who:
    • are from the autonomous region of the North Caribbean Coast or the autonomous region of the South Caribbean Coast;
    • hold a Canadian visa; or
    • have a residence permit in Canada; and
  • citizens of India, Cambodia, China, Nicaragua, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam who hold:
    • a residence permit issued by a country member of the Schengen Area or the United States;
    • a Schengen visa or US visa valid for 180 days or more when entering Colombia; or
    • a permanent residence permit granted by a member of the Pacific Alliance.
Restrictions

What are the main restrictions on a business visitor?

Individuals entering Colombia under a V visa for business purposes cannot take up residence or receive a salary or compensation in Colombia.

Short-term training

Is work authorisation or immigration permission needed to give or receive short-term training?

Yes. Depending on the citizenship of the foreign individual, they may enter Colombia with either a V visa or a PIP-6 permit.

The rules for short-term business visits also apply to short-term training visits.

Transit

Are transit visas required to travel through your country? How are these obtained? Are they only required for certain nationals?

A V visa for transit purposes is required if the individual holds a restricted citizenship or cannot benefit from a visa waiver. In this case, the visa must be secured in advance of arrival, either at a Colombian consulate overseas or through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ electronic platform.

Visa waivers and fast-track entry

Are any visa waiver or fast-track entry programmes available?

Colombia has visa waivers, temporary visitor permits and a fast-track entry programme called automatic migration.

Visa waiver benefits are available to citizens of non-restricted countries under specific situations, such as short-term business visits and the urgent provision of specialised technical assistance.

Automatic migration is available for all foreign citizens that hold Colombian visas. This fast-track programme must be processed by the Special Administrative Unit Migration Colombia and allows holders to fast track their entry to Colombia.

Long-term transfers

Categories

What are the main work and business permit categories used by companies to transfer skilled staff?

Under immigration law, any foreign national that intends to undertake work activities in Colombia must request a Migrant visa (M visa) for working purposes or a visa under a different category that allows them to work (eg, an M visa for spouses of Colombian nationals or a resident visa). The M visa for working purposes is granted for foreign nationals who enter Colombia by virtue of a labour relationship or a service agreement with an entity domiciled in Colombia. It is also granted to artistic, sports or cultural groups entering the country for public performances.

M visas for working purposes are issued for a maximum of three years and allow multiple entries. They expire automatically if the foreign national is absent from the country for more than six months and may be renewed as many times as needed. However, each time the visa will be granted for a maximum of three years in accordance with the terms of the labour contract and an assessment of the submitted documents.

The M visa for working purposes must be issued before the foreign national renders services locally or is added to a local payroll.

The spouse or permanent companion, parents and children of a foreign national who holds an M visa for working purposes may obtain a temporary beneficiary visa, which allows them to enter Colombia to study or engage in home activities, but does not entitle them to work.

A foreign national who holds an M visa for working purposes will be allowed to perform only the activity authorised in the visa and only for the company authorised in the visa. If there is any change to the individual’s working activity or position, the individual and the sponsoring company must inform the immigration authorities in writing detailing the change and, if required, request the visa to be amended.

To apply for an M visa, the applicant must meet all of the immigration requirements that apply to this type of visa.

Procedures

What are the procedures for obtaining these permissions? At what stage can work begin?

The immigration process for obtaining a Colombian visa includes two different phases before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia, as outlined below.

Stage 1 – visa filing before Ministry of Foreign AffairsThe issuance of Colombian visas is entirely at the government’s discretion. Immigration authorities have the power to request additional information or reject an application without the possibility of appeal.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ visa officials may request additional documents set out under the legal provisions in force.

The visa application process has two different stages, which apply to all types of visa:

  • The first stage comprises the filing of a visa request with the corresponding documents, followed by a review of the latter by a Ministry of Foreign Affairs official. This process has an associated cost (government fees), which must be paid in Colombian currency. The visa application may be filed online through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' electronic platform or personally with a Colombian consulate abroad. In any case, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has up to five business days to assess the visa application request and make its final decision.
  • Once assessment has been carried out, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will approve or deny the visa. If the visa is approved, government fees must be paid to obtain the visa. If the visa is obtained electronically, individuals have 30 days to attach the visa to their passport. Otherwise, they must carry out an additional visa transfer process before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Stage 2 – visa registration process before Special Administrative Unit of Migration ColombiaOnce the visa has been granted, individuals must personally register their visas before the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia to request issuance of their Colombian foreign ID.

The registration process must be carried out:

  • within 15 calendar days after the visa has been granted, if the individual was in Colombia at the time of approval; or
  • within 15 calendar days of entering the county, if the individual was abroad at the time of approval.

The M visa for working purposes must be issued before the foreign national renders services locally or becomes part of a local payroll.

Period of stay

What are the general maximum (and minimum) periods of stay granted under the main categories for company transfers?

M visas for working purposes are issued for a maximum of three years and allow multiple entries. The visa holder may stay in the country for the visa’s entire validity period. Visas expire automatically if the foreign national is absent from the country for more than six months and may be renewed as many times as needed. However, each time the visa will be granted for a maximum of three years in accordance with the term of the labour contract and assessment of the submitted documents.

Processing time

How long does it typically take to process the main categories?

The visa application process typically takes between two and three weeks once the paperwork has been gathered.

Staff benefits

Is it necessary to obtain any benefits or facilities for staff to secure a work permit?

No. However, once foreign staff are hired, they must be enrolled in the Colombian social security systems for health, pension and labour.

Assessment criteria

Do the immigration authorities follow objective criteria, or do they exercise discretion according to subjective criteria?

The immigration authorities have broad discretional powers when assessing visa applications and granting permits and extensions. These include asking for additional information that they may deem necessary for the particular case.

The immigration authorities are strict when reviewing compliance with statutory requirements, as well as those determined by them under their discretionary powers. The authorities are inflexible in this regard and are unlikely to make exceptions in any case.

High net worth individuals and investors

Is there a special route for high net worth individuals or investors?

Yes. Foreign individuals who make a foreign investment in Colombia of 650 times the statutory monthly minimum salary (Ps538,275,400 in 2019) or above may secure a residence visa (R visa), which grants an indefinite residence permit and allows the holder to perform any occupation or activity in Colombia. Under this type of visa, the foreign individual may stay in Colombia for the visa’s entire validity period.

Is there a special route (including fast track) for high net worth individuals for a residence permission route into your jurisdiction?

Yes. Foreign individuals who make a foreign investment in Colombia of 650 times the statutory monthly minimum salary (Ps538,275,400 in 2019) or above may secure an R visa, which grants an indefinite residence permit and allows the holder to perform any occupation or activity in Colombia. Under this type of visa, the foreign individual may stay in Colombia for the visa’s entire validity period.

Permanent residents may apply for citizenship. The conditions for applying for Colombian citizenship by adoption include the following:

  • If the individual was born in a Latin American or Caribbean country, they must have held an R visa for at least one year.
  • If the individual was born in Spain, they must have held an R visa for at least two years.
  • If the individual was born in any other country, they must have held an R visa for five years. This term may be reduced to two years if:
    • the individual is married to a Colombian national;
    • the individual's permanent companion is a Colombian national; or
    • the individual's children are Colombian nationals.

A request for Colombian citizenship must be made before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The National Tax Office, the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia and City Hall are also involved in the citizenship application process.

Highly skilled individuals

Is there a special route for highly skilled individuals?

No. Highly skilled individuals may opt for a sponsored visa for working purposes, as any other foreign individual.

The following unsponsored immigration routes are available for highly skilled foreign nationals seeking employment in Colombia:

If the foreign individual is eligible for a visa waiver, they may enter Colombia with a temporary visitor permit (PIP-6), which authorises them to participate in recruitment processes. Under this type of permit, the foreign individual may stay in Colombia for up to 180 days per year. The PIP-6 permit can be requested directly at the port of entry by the foreign individual.Citizens from Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay may apply for an M visa, which grants a temporary residence permit and allows foreign nationals to perform any occupation or activity in Colombia. Under this type of visa, the individual may stay in Colombia for the visa’s entire validity period.Foreign individuals married to Colombian nationals may secure a spouse’s M visa, which grants a temporary residence permit and allows individuals to perform any occupation or activity in Colombia. Under this type of visa, the foreign individual may stay in Colombia for the visa’s entire validity period.Foreign individuals who have children with Colombian citizenship may secure an R visa, which grants an indefinite residence permit and allows individuals to perform any occupation or activity in Colombia. Under this type of visa, the foreign individual may stay in Colombia for the visa’s entire validity period.Foreign individuals who make a foreign investment in Colombia of 650 times the statutory monthly minimum salary (Ps538,275,400 in 2019) or above may secure an R visa, which grants an indefinite residence permit and allows foreign nationals to perform any occupation or activity in Colombia. Under this type of visa, the foreign individual may stay in Colombia for the visa’s entire validity period.

In all of the above cases, immigration regulations provide specific requirements for each visa. Even though the issuance of visas is entirely at the discretion of the government, if all supporting documentation is properly provided to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the chances of having the visa application rejected are remote.

Ancestry and descent

Is there a special route for foreign nationals based on ancestry or descent?

Yes. Foreign individuals with one or two Colombian parents or children with Colombian citizenship may secure an R visa, which grants an indefinite residence permit and allows the holder to perform any occupation or activity in Colombia. Under this type of visa, the foreign individual may stay in Colombia for the visa’s entire validity period.

 

Minimum salary

Is there a minimum salary requirement for the main categories for company transfers?

No.

Resident labour market test

Is there a quota system or resident labour market test?

No.

Shortage occupations

Is there a special route for shortage occupations?

No.

Other eligibility requirements

Are there any other main eligibility requirements to qualify for work permission in your jurisdiction?

No.

Third-party contractors

What is the process for third-party contractors to obtain work permission?

Contractors cannot obtain a work permit on behalf of other companies.

Individuals acting as contractors may request a migrant visa. The contracting party, as with any other work visa, should sponsor this visa.

Recognition of foreign qualifications

Is an equivalency assessment or recognition of skills and qualifications required to obtain immigration permission?

No. However, if the foreign national plans to complete activities in a regulated profession (eg, engineering, medicine or law), they must request a temporary licence or have their undergraduate studies validated. The determination of whether a foreign national can execute activities that involve professional experience is decided by the relevant professional councils.

Extensions and variations

Short-term to long-term status

Can a short-term visa be converted in-country into longer-term authorisations? If so, what is the process?

Yes. The process is similar to requesting a visa for the first time. There are no special rules or procedures for changing visa categories.

Long-term extension

Can long-term immigration permission be extended?

Yes. Visas may be renewed as many times as needed, as long as the conditions that gave rise to the visa are still valid. There are no restrictions or limitations on how many times visas may be renewed. In certain cases, upon accumulation of seniority with determined types of visa, foreign nationals may request a permanent residence in Colombia (R visa).

Exit and re-entry

What are the rules on and implications of exit and re-entry for work permits?

There are no special rules on or implications of exit and re-entry for work permits. Mercosur visas and M visas for working purposes allow holders’ multiple entries, who will be admitted entrance to the country just by showing their passport and valid visa.

M visas expire automatically if the foreign national is absent from the country for more than six months.

Permanent residency and citizenship

How can immigrants qualify for permanent residency or citizenship?

After a specified period, foreign individuals holding M visas who meet certain criteria may secure an R visa, which grants an indefinite residence permit. The required criteria include the following:

  • Holders of an M visa – including those who hold it as the spouse of a Colombian national or an individual whose parents or children have obtained Colombian citizenship by adoption – must have held their visa for two consecutive years.
  • Individuals holding an M visa as a refugee, sponsored employee, shareholder of a legal entity incorporated in Colombia, freelancer, student, real estate investor or pensioner must have held their visa for five consecutive years.

Permanent residents may apply for citizenship. The conditions for applying for Colombian citizenship by adoption include the following:

  • If the individual was born in a Latin American or Caribbean country, they must have held an R visa for at least one year.
  • If the individual was born in Spain, they must have held an R visa for at least two years.
  • If the individual was born in any other country, they must have held an R visa for five years. This term may be reduced to two years if:
    • the individual is married to a Colombian national;
    • the individual's permanent companion is a Colombian national; or
    • the individual's children are Colombian nationals.

A request for Colombian citizenship must be made before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The National Tax Office, the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia and City Hall are also involved in the citizenship process.

The citizenship application process usually takes between 12 and 18 months and includes a thorough assessment by numerous legal entities and a citizenship knowledge test.

End of employment

Must immigration permission be cancelled at the end of employment in your jurisdiction?

Work visas are automatically cancelled on termination of the relevant employment agreement. When termination takes place, the sponsoring company must inform the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia within 15 calendar days. This should be done electronically through the Information System to Report Foreigners (SIRE) platform provided by the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia. To provide reports on SIRE, the entity must have an active account.

Further, employers must inform the Ministry of Work about the termination of foreign employees and contractors within 30 calendar days of termination. This must be reported electronically, through the Registry of Foreign Workers in Colombia (RUTEC) platform provided by the Ministry of Work.

Upon an employee’s change of position (ie, promotion), M visas for working purposes must be amended to reflect the new position. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs should be asked to amend the visa, following the same process set out for requesting any type of visa.

Employee restrictions

Are there any specific restrictions on a holder of employment permission?

Employees holding an M visa for working purposes may perform only the activities inherent to the position indicated on the visa and only for the stated company. This type of visa also allows holders to carry out studies or tourism and leisure activities.

Upon an employee’s change of position (ie, promotion) M visas for working purposes must be amended accordingly. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs should be asked to amend the visa, following the same application process for any type of visa.

Changes to an employee’s compensation do not trigger the need to change their visa, as long as the employee will continue to work for the same entity and in the same position initially authorised under the visa.

Dependants

Eligibility

Who qualifies as a dependant?

Any spouse or permanent companion, parent and child under the age of 25 of a foreign national who holds a visitor visa (V visa), in certain cases, or an Mercosur visa (M visa) or resident visa (R visa), in all cases, may obtain a temporary dependant visa, which permits them to enter Colombia to study or engage in domestic activities, but not to work.

Conditions and restrictions

Are dependants automatically allowed to work or attend school?

Dependants are not permitted to work in Colombia under a dependant's visa. To be permitted to engage in any work activity, dependants must obtain another type of visa that permits them to work. The dependant visa permits individuals only to study or engage in domestic activities.

Although immigration legislation does not prohibit dependant visa holders from changing their immigration status (ie, changing the category of their visa), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has stopped authorising visa category changes in an attempt to protect work opportunities for Colombian nationals.

Access to social benefits

What social benefits are dependants entitled to?

Dependants may be enrolled in the healthcare social security system, as a beneficiary of the main visa holder.

Other requirements, restrictions and penalties

Criminal convictions

Are prior criminal convictions a barrier to obtaining immigration permission?

Criminal convictions are not provided for by Colombian law. However, officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Special Administrative Unit of Migration Colombia may conduct background checks on visa or permit applicants when assessing their requests. Officials may discretionarily grant or deny the visa based on these findings and do not have to disclose their reasons for doing so. 

Penalties for non-compliance

What are the penalties for companies and individuals for non-compliance with immigration law? How are these applied in practice?

Non-compliance with Colombian immigration regulations can lead to the imposition of penalties on both the employer and the employee. Penalties include:

  • fines between the amounts of half the minimum wage and 40 times the minimum wage (between Ps414,058 and Ps33,124,640 in 2019); and
  • in some cases, the deportation of the foreign individual.
Language requirements

Are there any minimum language requirements for migrants?

No.

Medical screening

Is medical screening required to obtain immigration permission?

No.

Secondment

Is there a specific procedure for employees on secondment to a client site in your jurisdiction?

No – the same immigration rules apply. The employer must sponsor an M visa for working purposes, for the individual to work for the benefit of such entity in Colombia. The fact that an employee will conduct a secondment with a third party will not trigger the need to obtain any special type of visa, as they will be acting as an employee of the sponsoring company.

Update and trends

Key developments of the past year

Are there any emerging trends or hot topics in corporate immigration regulation in your jurisdiction?

Yes. Given the significant increase in Venezuelan migration in recent years as well its impact on the Colombian health system and workforce, immigration law developments are likely in 2019. On several occasions, officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Migration Colombia have announced, unofficially, that they are working on a possible immigration reform which will make the visa application process and requirements more rigorous.

Law stated date

Correct on

Give the date on which the information above is accurate.

30 June 2019.