On September 28, 2010, the House passed H.R. 5932, the Organized Retail Theft Investigation and Prosecution Act. The bill, which is sponsored by Rep. Bobby Scott (D-VA), seeks to combat organized retail theft, which is defined as the obtaining of (or aiding or abetting in the commission of) retail merchandise by illegal means for the purpose of reselling of otherwise placing such merchandise back into the stream of commerce.

The bill would establish an Organized Retail Theft Investigation and Prosecution Unit in the Department of Justice to investigate instances of organized retail theft, assist state and local enforcement in combating such theft, and consult with stakeholders, such as online marketplace and retailers, to obtain information about this issue. H.R. 5932 has now advanced to the Senate. With limited time left in the congressional calendar, it remains to be seen how far the bill will progress in 111th Congress.