On 15 December, the Commission proposed to ratify the Council of Europe “Conditional Access” Convention Nr 178 to strengthen protection against piracy. This action is somewhat of a cosmetic approach, because the EU already has its own directive in place, but the Commission wants to take this action to get other countries in Europe to join the Convention. The Commission says that enhancing protection “would pave the way for business to further roll out video-ondemand services in Europe, for example for mobile (smart) phones or other Internet-connected devices.” Directive 98/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 1998 on conditional access services already ensures protection for such services in the EU. (Editorial comment: the Commission appears to be late in providing a report that was due at the end of November this year under Article 7 of the directive. The Commission explains that “with the EU taking the lead in ratifying the agreement, non-members of the EU would be encouraged to step up their ratification process as well, thus extending the legal protection of pay TV to cover virtually the entire European continent.” More information is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/media/elecpay/index_en.htm