The MiFID II Directive (2014/65/EU) and the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation (Regulation 600/2014) (MiFIR) were published in the Official Journal of the EU (OJ) on 12 June 2014.

The MiFID II Directive and MiFIR were adopted by the Council of the EU on 13 May 2014 and by the European Parliament on 15 April 2014 and will be applicable from January 2017.