The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) published proposed rule changes to 25 C.F.R. 83, Procedures for Establishing that an American Indian Group Exists as an Indian Tribe.1 The proposed rule seeks to streamline the process and criteria for obtaining Federal acknowledgment of Indian Tribes. It eliminates the requirement that the petitioner demonstrate that third parties have identified the petitioner as a tribe, and replaces that requirement with a narrative providing evidence of a group’s existence in historical times (up to and including 1900). The revisions also require evidence of community and political authority from 1934 to the present. Petitions will be reviewed by the Office of Federal Acknowledgment, and denials may be appealed to the Office of Hearing and Appeals, with final review by the Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs. That decision may be appealed to a federal district court. The proposed rules would also allow a previously denied petitioner reapply in limited circumstances. The BIA will be holding public meetings and tribal consultations in July. Comments on the proposed rule are due August 1, 2014.