A UN survey conducted across the western Balkans Region – including Croatia, Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Serbia and Macedonia – found that one in six of the 28,000 people surveyed were exposed to bribery involving a public official in 2010. More than half of people paid bribes to doctors, and more than a third to police officers.  

The survey also found that in 43 percent of instances of a bribe being paid, it was done so without solicitation, displaying the lack of confidence in the public administration to function without such payments being made. Over the same period, bribes were paid on average every ten weeks, and only 12.5 percent of people actually reported public officials in relation to acts of corruption.

The findings of the survey showed wide-ranging differences in the amount paid per cash bribe. The average across the region was €257, but in Macedonia, the average was €1,212.  

The survey found that instances of bribery were more commonplace in rural areas compared with urban areas.