Earlier this week, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) released a report cautioning nationally recognized credit rating agencies about "deceptive ratings conduct and the importance of sufficient internal controls over the policies, procedures, and methodologies the firms use to determine credit ratings." The report stems from an investigation into whether Moody's Investor Service, Inc. violated federal registration or antifraud provisions. The SEC also stated in the report that it will utilize new provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act "for enforcement actions alleging otherwise extraterritorial fraudulent misconduct that involves significant steps or foreseeable effects within the United States."