The VI. Civil Chamber of the German Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgerichtshof) has ruled that the heir of a statutorily insured patient has no claim to immaterial compensation for the violation of the patient’s personal rights. A socio-medical report on the patient was not sufficiently anonymised and was used in other social/ judicial procedures. The Court held, in particular, that claims to immaterial compensation could not be based on Article 7 of the Federal Data Protection Act (Bundesdatenschutzgesetz). At the same time, interpreting this provision in conformity with the EU Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC was, in the Court’s view, precluded as individual medical reports did not constitute a “personal data filing system” within the meaning of Article 2(c) of the Directive.