EPA has released a peer-reviewed ICF Consulting report which predicts that Americans born between 1985 and 2100 will avoid more than 22 million additional cataract cases due to the “Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer” (Montreal Protocol). The environmental treaty, signed by 196 countries in 1987 and amended in 1990, 1992 and 1997, stipulates phase-out schedules for the production and consumption of compounds that deplete ozone in the atmosphere.
According to EPA, the ozone layer is predicted to recover to pre-1980 levels after 2065. In addition to lowering the incidence of cataract cases, the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances is projected by the report to significantly cut the number of skin cancer cases or deaths. See EPA Press Release, July 30, 2010.