On July 14, Chairman Jeff Bingamanʼs (D-NM) The Clean Energy Financing Act of 2011 creating a $10 billion Clean Energy Deployment Administration (CEDA) was reported out by the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, along with the Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act of 2011 (S. 1000), broad energy efficiency legislation introduced by Sens. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) and Rob Portman (R-Ohio) in May. The committee also marked up S. 948, establishing a three-year program promoting the use of plug-in electric vehicles in model communities across the country; S. 512, requiring DoE to develop and demonstrate two small modular nuclear reactors; and S. 1067, requiring DoE to carry out a research, development, and demonstration program to reduce manufacturing and construction costs of nuclear reactors.