2020 Elections and Impeachment of President Trump
The 2020 election year is officially underway with the Democratic presidential primary heating up in Iowa and New Hampshire while Republicans and Democrats are squaring off in Washington, D.C., over impeachment and the escalating situation with Iran.
President Trump and Democrats in the U.S. Congress have continued to lock horns during the ongoing impeachment inquiry, with a vote on the two articles of impeachment passing on party lines in the U.S. House of Representatives on December 18, 2019. Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) is currently holding onto the articles of impeachment while Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer attempt to negotiate the initial process and procedure for the U.S. Senate trial. Ultimately, Speaker Pelosi and Leader Schumer are demanding that certain documents and witnesses be included as part of the Senate trial, while Leader McConnell argues that the Senate should follow the precedent of the Clinton impeachment trial and consider the question of potential witnesses and documents after the initial presentation by House managers and the President’s defense team. The schedule of the Senate remains in limbo until an initial agreement can be reached on the impeachment trial.
Here is a recap of the key events in the impeachment inquiry to date.
On September 24, 2019, Speaker Pelosi announced the House would move forward with a formal impeachment inquiry after a whistleblower complaint regarding a July 25, 2019, phone call between President Trump and Ukraine President Volodymr Zelensky. The whistleblower’s complaint alleged that, during the call, President Trump requested President Zelensky to investigate the Biden family, specifically Joe Biden’s son Hunter’s business dealings with a Ukrainian oil and gas company.
Democrats believe that the evidence shows President Trump attempted to withhold up to $400 million in aid for Ukraine until he received word that the investigation had been launched. On October 31, 2019, the House passed a resolution approving a formal impeachment inquiry and laying out the process for public hearings to begin.
Following Speaker Pelosi’s announcement, the House held a series of public and private hearings featuring a wide range of individuals in the Trump administration who have some knowledge of the administration’s actions on foreign aid to Ukraine. In early November, the relevant House committees released transcripts from the private testimonies. On December 16, 2019, the House Judiciary Committee released their 658- page report detailing its decision to charge President Trump with two articles of impeachment. The report stated that he had abused the power of the office of the president and also obstructed Congress in its investigation of his ongoing relationship with Ukraine, two charges that became the articles of impeachment on the House floor.
On December 18, 2019, the House voted to impeach President Trump on both articles of impeachment. No Republicans voted in favor of the articles, a couple of Democrats voted against each, and Rep. Tulsi Gabbard 1. Election and Impeachment © 2020 Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP Top 10 Topics for Directors in 2020 6 (D-HI), a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, voted present.
Once Speaker Pelosi formally sends the articles of impeachment to the Senate, the trial will be presided over by Supreme Court Justice John Roberts with “managers” appointed by the House who will conduct the trial. Two-thirds of the body must vote in favor of impeachment in order to remove the President from office. This number would require Democrats to convince 20 of their Republican colleagues to vote against their own party’s president, which is unlikely.
As we approach 2020, all eyes turn towards Iowa and New Hampshire for the first indications on who may emerge as the Democratic frontrunner. Former South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg surged early on in the Iowa polls, but has slowly lost ground as the primary moves closer. In New Hampshire, Sen. Bernie Sander (I-VT) and former Vice President Joe Biden are polling neck-and-neck, with Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) polling closely behind.
Looking farther down the road at Nevada and South Carolina, former Vice President Joe Biden leads the pack with strong support from voters in each state. Each candidate seems to attract his or her own unique group of voters, with Sanders and Warren splitting the most progressive. Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg and former Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick both have jumped into the presidential race recently with an eye toward the moderate lane of the Democratic Party. Mayor Bloomberg is laying low in the early states and banking his personal war chest on the Super Tuesday states. Wins in the early states, particularly on Super Tuesday (March 3, 2020), will lead to much-needed momentum. All of that being said, the ultimate winner of the nomination may not be decided until the Democratic Party Convention in July 2020.
Back in Washington, D.C., the Senate impeachment trial will have a direct impact on the members of the Senate running for president. Senators Michael Bennet (D-CO), Cory Booker (D-NJ), Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) will have no choice but to act as jurors for the duration of the trial, losing valuable time on the campaign trail. How long the proceedings will last is unknown, but expect at least a two- to four-week process.
While much of the attention will be on the office of the commander in chief in 2020, there are still fierce battles being fought for both House and Senate seats in Congress. In the Senate, incumbent Sens. Martha McSally (R-AZ), Cory Gardner (R-CO), Susan Collins (R-ME) and Doug Jones (D-AL) are in tight races that will help to determine control of the Senate in the next Congress. Should Democrats knock off these three incumbents and hold onto the Jones seat in Alabama, the current 53-47 seat split in the Republicans’ favor would be reduced to 50-50, leaving control of the Senate up to the vice president of whichever party’s ticket wins the White House in November. Republicans also face tough races for seats they currently hold in Georgia, Iowa and North Carolina.
All 435 House seats are on the ballot every two years, but the attention will be focused on a much smaller number of races. Democrats currently control the House by a margin of 233-197 seats (with one independent and four vacancies), so Republicans need to flip 21 seats from “D” to “R” to regain the majority. At this point in the election cycle, 18 Democratic seats and six Republican seats are deemed as “tossup or worse” by the Cook Political Report. The Grand Old Party (GOP) would essentially run the table in the battleground districts to have any hope of regaining control of the House. The chances of Republicans retaking control of the House are also decreased by the more than two dozen GOP members who have announced their retirement (or are running for a different office) at the end of this Congress.