Speaking before an audience at the Freedom to Connect conference on Tuesday, FCC Commissioner Jonathan Adelstein suggested various options for expanding access to broadband as he advocated the adoption of net neutrality conditions included in the recent AT&T-BellSouth merger order as one of the principles to be included in those outlined in the FCC’s August 2005 policy statement on broadband services. To ensure that American children are not “relegated to yesterday’s technology,” Adelstein called for an expansion of the universal service “e-rate” program that provides funding for Internet connections in schools, libraries and hospitals. To expand the opportunity represented by broadband Internet services, Adelstein also said the FCC should (1) improve its definition of broadband service by increasing the upload and download speeds that form the basis of that definition, and (2) pursue a spectrum policy that would reclaim “fallow” spectrum for use by other providers, particularly in rural areas. With respect to net neutrality conditions agreed to by AT&T and BellSouth, Adelstein said the conditions “should put an end to the debate as to whether net neutrality can be defined,” as he refuted charges—raised by opponents of net neutrality mandates—that the lack of a definition provides a reason for lawmakers not to adopt laws defining “acceptable or unacceptable forms of discrimination, prioritization, or quality-of-service arrangements.” Adelstein also dispelled any lingering misunderstanding regarding FCC Chairman Kevin Martin’s intention to support enforcement of the AT&T-BellSouth condition, as he reiterated Martin’s promise to members of Congress that net neutrality commitments contained in the merger order will be enforced.