In order to tackle the cross-border implications of environmental crime, the European Commission proposes to harmonise such crimes and their penalties across the European Union. A draft paper calls for sanctions for environmentally harmful activities, which typically cause substantial damage to the air, soil, water, animals or plants. Nine sets of offences are listed, such as unlawful treatment of waste or unlawful possession of protected wild plants and animals. According to the Commission, these offences must be considered criminal throughout Europe, with a harmonised punishment ranging from one to ten years' imprisonment. Companies held liable for these environmental offences would be penalised with fines between EUR 300,000 and EUR 1.5 million.