In September 2008, a panel of the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit held that a Louisiana law that prohibits the arbitration of insurance disputes did not reverse-preempt the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards through the McCarran-Ferguson Act, preserving the treaty’s provisions relating to arbitration as they relate to insurance matters. Fourteen months later, the entire Fifth Circuit, sitting en banc in Safety National Casualty Corporation v. Certain Underwriters At Lloyd’s, London, reached the same conclusion. Both opinions held that an international treaty is not “an Act of Congress” within the meaning of McCarran-Ferguson, and hence is not preempted by contrary state law, maintaining the superiority of treaties over state law. The most recent opinion notes that the decision conflicts with a 1995 decision of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals, which reached a different result in an analogous situation.