The European Commission has determined that Israel’s Privacy Protection Act 5741-1981 establishes standards that are adequate to ensure the privacy of personal information transferred from the European Union to Israel. As we reported in October 2010, Israel’s privacy standards had already been approved by the Article 29 Working Party as well as the Article 31 Committee of the European Commission. However, Ireland had raised objections to Israel’s data protection standards, complaining that the privacy legislation did not extend to manual databases. But the European Commission worked around this issue, stipulating that its adequacy approval extends only to the automatic transfer of databases, not to personal data that is manually transferred. Manually transferred data may be deemed to have met the adequacy requirements only if the data is then automatically processed in Israel.