In a copyright infringement case, a California court extended the scope of protection under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act's ("DMCA") "safe harbor" provision for service providers. Universal Music Group ("UMG") sued Veoh, an operator of a videosharing Web site whose online content featured songs that were copyrighted by UMG. In UMG Recordings Inc. v. Veoh Networks Inc., No. CV 07-5744 AHM (AJWx) (C.D. Cal. 2008), the court held that despite the infringing content displayed on its Web site, Veoh was immune from liability under the "safe harbor" provision of the DMCA, which shields online service providers from liability for infringement that occurs "by reason of the storage at the direction of a user" on the server's network. UMG argued that some functions on Veoh's network, including providing users access to streaming video, went beyond "storage" as defined in the DMCA. However, the court interpreted the statute broadly, and held that automated functions related to user access of user data received "safe harbor" protection. This holding extends "safe harbor" protection to the following features on video sharing sites: (1) automatically creating copies of uploaded video files that are composed of smaller "chunks" of the original file; (2) allowing users to access uploaded videos via "streaming" technology; and (3) allowing users to access uploaded videos by downloading whole video files. The court also reaffirmed the decision that "safe harbor" protection extended to online sites that automatically create "flash-formatted" copies of video files uploaded by users. The DMCA's "safe harbor" provision extends protection to automated functions related to users’ access to user data on video-sharing Web sites.