As an update to our coverage of Canadian trans fat initiatives exactly one year ago in the February 2008 Osler Franchise Review, with the Calgary trans fat initiative boasting a 97% compliance rate, Toronto public health officials are now looking to adopt a similar regulatory approach in the absence of federal regulation. In late January, the Toronto public health board ordered a survey, to be conducted by public health food inspectors later this year, on the trans fat content of food at local restaurants and supermarkets. The federal government’s voluntary program requesting the food industry to reduce trans fats to specified limits within two years expires in June 2009. Toronto public health officials are warning that, depending on the outcome of their survey and in the absence of federal regulation, local regulation – which will likely include an outright ban on trans fat – can be expected.