In Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ, Inc. v. City of Hackensack, Case No. 11-5960 (SRC), 2012 WL 3284054 (D.N.J. Aug. 10, 2012), the court denied the defendants' motion to dismiss the church's claims for violation of the Religious Land Use Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA) and Free Exercise Clause against the city and city officials based on monetary damages that the church allegedly incurred in rent and other costs related to the almost four-year wait the church experienced in obtaining a zoning permit to use its property to train priests. The court ruled that the defendants failed: (1) to establish that events preceding approval of a zoning application cannot serve as the basis for an RLUIPA claim, or (2) to show that the church's claim never ripened into a viable claim with a decision on the merits to deny its application. For ripeness, the court applied a two-part test: (1) whether the locality's action had inflicted an immediate injury on the plaintiffs, and (2) whether the existing record clearly defined the plaintiffs' injury. The court ruled that the church alleged immediate injury by claiming that it had no certificate of occupancy and, for years, could not use a building it paid substantial money to rent. In addition, the court considered the record as well developed as it could be to support the claim. The court observed, "The idea that municipalities can escape the strictures of RLUIPA just by running applicants in infinite circles appears quite inconsistent with Congress' intent."