On 1 August 2015, China’s Anti-monopoly Law (AML) celebrated its seventh anniversary.  Over the past seven years, China has quickly established itself as one of the most active antitrust regimes in the world, impacting international business activities with its vigorous merger control regime, antitrust investigations resulting in multi-million dollar fines and antitrust litigation on complex IT- and IPR-related issues. Today, the Chinese antitrust regime has continued to gain momentum with an intensified legislative programme and increased enforcement. The antitrust agencies that enforce the AML are also becoming increasingly sophisticated and confident, but certain aspects of this young regime still call for further development.