Registration and use of domains at ccTLD registry

Registry

Which entity is responsible for registration of domain names in the country code top-level domain (ccTLD)?

The Japan Registry Service KK (JPRS) is responsible for registration of .jp, the ccTLD in Japan. The JPRS assumed registration services for .jp from the Japan Network Information Centre (JPNIC) in 2002. The JPNIC now primarily handles the administration of internet resources including IP addresses, the study of international practices and policies for internet-related matters, and researching technologies related to internet infrastructure.

Method

How are domain names registered?

Applicants must apply for a registration to certain qualified registrars. The registrars deliver the application to the JPRS for review. Applicants can obtain a registration once the JPRS approves the application.

Duration

For how long is registration effective?

Registration is effective for one year. Usually registrars require registrants to complete a renewal procedure before the effective term expires. The effective period is extended for one year if the renewal procedure has been completed.

Cost

What is the cost of registration?

The cost of the registration fee varies from registrar to registrar.

Transfer

Are registered domain names transferable? If so, how? Can the use of a domain name be licensed?

Registered domain names are transferable. A registrant can transfer a .jp domain name at its discretion by filing a transfer request to the JPRS through qualified registrars. Theoretically speaking, it is possible for a registrant to allow a third party to use a registered domain name. However, this is different from a licence for intellectual property rights and there is no registration of such a licence for a domain name. In that sense, the possible licence for a domain name mentioned here essentially equates to the rental of a domain name.

ccTLD versus gTLD registration

What are the differences, if any, with registration in the ccTLD as compared with a generic top-level domain (gTLD)?

Registration of a .jp domain name is administered by the JPRS and certain qualified registrars, whereas registration of a gTLD is administered by ICANN and registrars appointed by ICANN. A notable difference in registration requirements is the locality requirement. In the case of organisational type domain names, such as co.jp and ne.jp, the registrant must have a local entity that has a domestic address registered and verified in Japan (for example, company registration is required to apply for co.jp). Even if an applicant tries to register a general-use .jp domain name like .jp, an applicant needs to register at least a local contact address and person in Japan who is not necessarily registered or certified but can be reached by the JPRS.

Registrants’ privacy

Can the registrant use a privacy service to hide its contact information?

With regard to .jp domain names, the registrant name and contact information of the person in charge are disclosed on the JPRS WHOIS website in principle. However, registrants of the general-use .jp domain name and prefecture .jp domain name can file an application to the JPRS to hide the registrant’s name on WHOIS.

On the other hand, some registrars provide a privacy service, at their discretion, for their registrants.