The Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (NEAA) has released a report entitled, “Effects of Climate Policies on Emissions of Air Pollutions in the Netherlands.” The report examines the effects of the Dutch climate plan that has been named “Clean and Efficient.” The study looks at the role that biofuels and carbon capture and storage will play in the Dutch climate plan.
According to the report, “Some CO2 abatement measures will not necessarily reduce other air polluting emissions, for instance, the application of biofuels and biomass, and carbon capture and storage (CCS).” Specifically, it states that the blending of biofuels with diesel or petrol results in a risk of increased emissions of air pollutants. It goes on to say that, rather than converting biomass into biofuels, it would be more efficiently used in the production of hydrogen or electricity.
At this time, carbon capture and storage technology could lead to an increase in certain emissions while decreasing the levels of others, as stated by the study. Using the current post-combustion technique, there would be a decrease in SO2 emissions and a possible increase in NH3 and NOx emission levels. The report also believes that better efficiency and emissions reductions would take place using “emerging” pre-combustion CCS and oxy-fuel techniques but they may not be commercially viable until 2025.
In conclusion the NEAA states that, “Nevertheless, the net effect of all measures of the Dutch climate policy plan on air quality is positive. Uncertainties around these effects, however, still remain.”