On 28 July 2011, the CAT handed down its judgment on Ryanair’s application for review of the OFT’s decision that it is “in time” to investigate Ryanair’s acquisition of a minority stake in Aer Lingus. The CAT concluded that the OFT was correct to consider that there was a potential for conflicts between the outcome of any reference taken under the Enterprise Act 2002 and the outcome of appeals by Ryanair and Aer Lingus before the General Court. The UK authorities are required to avoid such conflicts under the EU duty of sincere co-operation.