Trade barriers

Government authorities

What government office handles complaints from domestic exporters against foreign trade barriers at the WTO or under other agreements?

A separate entity or office does not exist and there is no precise information available on dealing with such an issue. As such, complaints from domestic exporters against foreign trade barriers are likely to be dealt with on an ad hoc basis by the UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOF).

Complaint filing procedure

What is the procedure for filing a complaint against a foreign trade barrier?

There is no precise information with regard to this question and it appears that these types of issues would be dealt with on an ad hoc basis.

Grounds for investigation

What will the authority consider when deciding whether to begin an investigation?

There is no precise information with regard to this question and it appears that these types of issues would be dealt with on an ad hoc basis.

Measures against foreign trade barriers

What measures outside the WTO may the authority unilaterally take against a foreign trade barrier? Are any such measures currently in force?

It is difficult to advise on this particular issue as it has not come up in the past. The UAE could, theoretically, suspend trade as a result of a foreign trade barrier; however, this is completely speculative.

Private-sector support

What support does the government expect from the private sector to bring a WTO case?

The UAE has not, to date, commenced any action or had action commenced against it in the WTO. It would be likely that the UAE government would retain the legal services of a private law firm and charge those fees to the private exporter; however, this is speculative given that there have been no cases in the WTO involving the UAE (aside from as a third party).

Notable non-tariff barriers

What notable trade barriers other than retaliatory measures does your country impose on imports?

General import documentation is required; however, the UAE maintains a free exchange and liberal trading system with limited trade barriers.