The European Court of Justice ruled on 13 September 2007 (in case C-260/04), that the award of licences for horserace betting in Italy amounts to the award of a public service concession. The provisions on free movement of services under the Treaty (Articles 43 and 49) impose a duty of equal treatment and non-discrimination in relation to the grant of a service concession by a public authority. The Court considered that the failure to conduct a competitive tender for the licences amounted to a breach of those principles and that Italy had failed to demonstrate any reason of overriding general interest that would justify direct award.