A magistrate judge in the Southern District of New York approved a search warrant for a Gmail account, contradicting rulings from the U.S. District Courts for the District of Columbia and the District of Kansas, which did not approve similar warrants for web-based e-mail accounts. In refusing to issue the warrant presented to it, the District of Columbia ruling explained its concern that "the government...gets all e-mails - regardless of their relevance to its investigation - and keeps them indefinitely." The District of Kansas court denied the warrants requested because they did not meet the Fourth Amendment's particularity requirement. The Southern District ruling brushed these concerns aside, noting that courts have traditionally issued warrants to seize a large quantity of documents "in order for the police to perceive the relevance of the documents to crime" even though some documents are innocuous. The court also rejected the "particularity" concerns raised by the Kansas court, ruling that the warrants were sufficiently particular to identify the items within the scope of the warrant.