Prior to the parties remanding the case for the determination of a remedy, the American Postal Workers’ Union (“APWU”) filed a complaint in federal court alleging that the United States Postal Service (“USPS”) had not unequivocally stated it would comply with the award, which constituted a breach of the collective bargaining agreement. The USPS moved to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction, which the district court granted, reasoning that an award postponing the determination of a remedy is not final and binding and, thus, is not subject to review. The court also stated that the APWU has not shown the exhaustion of remedies to be unworkable. American Postal Workers’ Union v. United States Postal Serv., Case No. 08-2200 (USDC D.D.C. July 14, 2009).