On December 29, 2006, the 25th Session of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People's Congress decided to accede to the WIPO Copyright Treaty & WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, which were adopted at the diplomatic conference concerning copyrights and neighboring rights in Geneva, Switzerland on December 20, 1996.

China declared that the WIPO Copyright Treaty & WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty do not apply to Hong Kong or the Macao Special Administrative Region for the time being. In addition, China also declared that it is not bound by Article 15 (1) of the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, which states,

Performers and producers of phonograms shall enjoy the right to a single equitable remuneration for the direct or indirect use of phonograms published for commercial purposes for broadcasting or for any communication to the public.